Zanzibar is a small archipelago, consisting of Unguja (commonly referred to as Zanzibar), Pemba and other smaller surrounding islands and other islets. Zanzibar is located on the East African coast, and is totally lapped by the Indian Ocean. It is situated at 39°E longitude east of the prime meridian and 6°s latitude, south of Equator. Temperatures are high with an average of 25°C; it is humid throughout the year with the pronominal south and north eastern monsoons. According to 2012 population census Zanzibar has 1,303,569 people, (Male 630,677 and Female 672,892). The population of Zanzibar is predominantly Muslim with a rich Swahili culture. Because of religious and cultural traditions dress code is important, and men and women should dress appropriately when away from the beach, ie covering shoulders and legs too below the knees. Beachwear on the beach is fine, although nude or topless bathing is not tolerated. When in villages or in Stone Town wearing beach wear would (and does) cause offence. Try to wear loose-fitting, non-transparent clothing when in public. Zanzibari people are generally very warm, open and hospitable, and your respect for permission before taking photographs or filming local people is appreciated. Do not take photos or film at sensitive government sites including the State House, seaport, airport or military sites. If uncertain, it is always better to ask. Public consumption of alcohol is not permissible, except in hotels and tourist areas, bars and some restaurants, where it is no problem. Public displays of affection such as kissing are not customary and generally considered offensive, unless behind closed doors. Local customs should respected. Mosques are sacred places an there is generally no entry to non-Muslims, unless accompanied by a person of the faith who can show you around except during the times for congregational prayer, which are five times daily. When offering or accepting things, try and remember to offer and receive with your right hand. This is the hand which should also be used for eating.